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Lopsidedness in WHISP galaxies I. Rotation curves and kinematic lopsidedness

van Eymeren, J and Juette, E and Jog, CJ and Stein, Y and Dettmar, RJ (2011) Lopsidedness in WHISP galaxies I. Rotation curves and kinematic lopsidedness. In: Astronomy & Astrophysics, 530 (A29).

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The frequently observed lopsidedness of the distribution of stars and gas in disc galaxies is still considered as a major problem in galaxy dynamics. It is even discussed as an imprint of the formation history of discs and the evolution of baryons in dark matter haloes. Here, we analyse a selected sample of 70 galaxies from the Westerbork Hi Survey of Spiral and Irregular Galaxies. The Hi data allow us to follow the morphology and the kinematics out to very large radii. In the present paper, we present the rotation curves and study the kinematic asymmetry. We extract the rotation curves of the receding and approaching sides separately and show that the kinematic behaviour of disc galaxies can be classified into five different types: symmetric velocity fields where the rotation curves of the receding and approaching sides are almost identical; global distortions where the rotation velocities of the receding and approaching sides have an offset that is constant with radius; local distortions leading to large deviations in the inner and negligible deviations in the outer parts (and vice versa); and distortions that divide the galaxies into two kinematic systems that are visible in terms of the different behaviour of the rotation curves of the receding and approaching sides, which leads to a crossing and a change in side. The kinematic lopsidedness is measured from the maximum rotation velocities, averaged over the plateau of the rotation curves. This gives a good estimate of the global lopsidedness in the outer parts of the sample galaxies. We find that the mean value of the perturbation parameter denoting the lopsided potential as obtained from the kinematic data is 0.056. Altogether, 36% of the sample galaxies are globally lopsided, which can be interpreted as the disc responding to a halo that was distorted by a tidal encounter. In Paper II, we study the morphological lopsidedness of the same sample of galaxies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to EDP Sciences.
Keywords: surveys;galaxies;evolution;galaxies;ISM;galaxies;kinematics and dynamics;galaxies;structure
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2011 05:56
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2011 05:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/38257

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