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Crystal Structure Engineering by Fine-Tuning the Surface Energy: The Case of CdE (E = S/Se) Nanocrystals

Nag, Angshuman and Hazarika, Abhijit and Shanavas, KV and Sharma, Surinder M and Dasgupta, I and Sarma, DD (2011) Crystal Structure Engineering by Fine-Tuning the Surface Energy: The Case of CdE (E = S/Se) Nanocrystals. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2 (7). pp. 706-712.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jz200060a

Abstract

We prove that CdS nanocrystals can be thermodynamically stabilized in both wurtzite and zinc-blende crystallographic phases at will, just by the proper choice of the capping ligand. As a striking demonstration of this, the largest CdS nanocrystals (similar to 15 nm diameter) ever formed with the zinc-blende structure have been synthesized at a high reaction temperature of 310 degrees C, in contrast to previous reports suggesting the formation of zinc-blende CdS only in the small size limit (< 4.5 nm) or at a lower reaction temperature (<= 240 degrees C). Theoretical analysis establishes that the binding energy of trioctylphosphine molecules on the (001) surface of zinc-blende CdS is significantly larger than that for any of the wurtzite planes. Consequently, trioctylphosphine as a capping agent stabilizes the zinc-blende phase via influencing the surface energy that plays an important role in the overall energetics of a nanocrystal. Besides achieving giant zinc-blende CdS nanocrystals, this new understanding allows us to prepare CdSe and CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals in the zinc-blende structure.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 06 May 2011 07:04
Last Modified: 06 May 2011 07:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/37386

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