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Constraints on the halo density profile using HI flaring in the outer Galaxy

Narayan, CA and Saha, K and Jog, CJ (2005) Constraints on the halo density profile using HI flaring in the outer Galaxy. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, 440 (2). pp. 523-530.

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The observed flaring of HI disk in the outer region of galaxies has been used in the past to determine the shape of the dark matter halo. Previous studies based on this concept suggest a slightly oblate halo (axis ratio ~0.8) for our Galaxy. We reinvestigate this problem by calculating the HI scaleheight in the outer Galaxy to a larger radial distance, and by studying its dependence on the shape and the density profile of the halo. We find that a simple isothermal infinite halo of any shape- oblate or prolate, is not able to account for the observed flaring. Instead we show that a spherical halo with density falling faster than isothermal halo in the outer region provides a better fit to the observed HI flaring as well as the observed rotation curve of our Galaxy. These halos have about 95% of their mass within a few hundreds of kpc for $R_\cdot$ = 8.5 kpc and $ \Theta_o= 220 km s^-^1$, the central density and core radius can be constrained to the range $ \rho _\cdot = 0.035-0.06 M_o pc^-^3$ and Rc = 8-10 kpc. Our claim for such "finite-sized" spherical halos is supported by recent literature on numerical simulation studies of halo formation as well as analyses of SDSS data.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The copyright for this artcle belongs to EDP Sciences SA
Keywords: galaxies: ISM;galaxies: kinematics and dynamics;galaxies: structure;galaxies: halos
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Ravi V Nandhan
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2005
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2008 11:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/3692

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