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Structural Behavior of Story-High Cement-Stabilized Rammed-Earth Walls under Compression

Reddy, Venkatarama BV and Kumar, Prasanna P (2011) Structural Behavior of Story-High Cement-Stabilized Rammed-Earth Walls under Compression. In: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 23 (3). pp. 240-247.

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A rammed-earth wall is a monolithic construction made by compacting processed soil in progressive layers in a rigid formwork. There is a growing interest in using this low-embodied-carbon building material in buildings. The paper investigates the strength and structural behavior of story-high cement-stabilized rammed-earth (CSRE) walls, reviews literature on the strength of CSRE, and discusses results of the compressive strength of CSRE prisms, wallettes, and story-high walls. The strength of the story-high wall was compared with the strength of wallettes and prisms. There is a nearly 30% reduction in strength as the height-to-thickness ratio increases from about 5 to 20. The ultimate compressive strength of CSRE walls predicted using the tangent modulus theory is in close agreement with the experimental values. The shear failures noticed in the story-high walls resemble the shear failures of short-height prism and wallette specimens. The paper ends with a discussion of structural design and characteristic compressive strength of CSRE walls. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000155. (C) 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Publisher: Asce-Amer Soc Civil Engineers
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Asce-Amer Soc Civil Engineers.
Keywords: Soil cement;Compressive strength;Rammed earth;Walls; Stabilized soil
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2011 05:43
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2011 05:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/36740

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