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# Absorption and emission properties of $Nd^{3+}$ in lithium cesium mixed alkali borate glasses

Ratnakaram, YC and Kumar, Vijaya A and Naidu, Tirupathi D and Chakradhar, RPS (2005) Absorption and emission properties of $Nd^{3+}$ in lithium cesium mixed alkali borate glasses. In: Solid State Communications, 136 (1). pp. 45-50.

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## Abstract

Lithium cesium mixed alkali borate glasses of the composition $67B_{2}O_{3}.xLi_{2}O.(32-x)Cs_{2}O$ (where xZ8, 12, 16, 20 and 24) containing 1 mol% $Nd_{2}O_{3}$ were prepared by melt quenching. The absorption spectra of $Nd^{3+}C$ were studied from the experimental oscillator strengths and the Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters were obtained. The intensity parameters are used to determine the radiative decay rates (emission probabilities of transitions) $(A_{T})$, branching ratios (\beta) and integrated absorption cross-sections (\Sigma) of the $Nd_{3+}$ transitions from the excited state J manifolds to the lower lying J manifolds. Radiative lifetimes $(\tua_{R})$ are estimated for certain excited states of $Nd^{3+}C$ in these mixed alkali borate glasses. Luminescence spectra were measured and the emission cross-sections $(\sigma_{p})$ were evaluated for the three emission transitions. The variation of luminescence intensity with x was recorded for the three transitions at different excitation power to see the effect of mixed alkalies in these borate glasses.

Item Type: Journal Article Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier. Absorption;emission properties;Nd3+;lithium cesium mixed alkali borate glasses Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics Sreekanth Chakradhar Ph.D., Dr. R. P. 01 Feb 2007 19 Sep 2010 04:20 http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/3652

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