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Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy for Evaluation of the Influence of Solvent Dynamics on Ion Transport in Succinonitrile-Salt Plastic Crystalline Electrolytes

Das, Supti and Bhattacharyya, Aninda J (2011) Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy for Evaluation of the Influence of Solvent Dynamics on Ion Transport in Succinonitrile-Salt Plastic Crystalline Electrolytes. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 115 (10). pp. 2148-2154.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp108848b

Abstract

Influence of succinonitrile (SN) dynamics on ion transport in SN-lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) electrolytes is discussed here via dielectric relaxation spectroscopy. Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (similar to 2 x 10(-3) Hz to 3 MHz) of SN and SN-LiClO4 was studied as a function of salt content (up to 7 mol % or 1 M) and temperature (-20 to +60 degrees C). Analyses of real and imaginary parts of permittivity convincingly reveal the influence Of trans gauche isomerism and solvent-salt association (solvation) effects on ion transport. The relaxation processes are highly dependent on the salt concentration and temperature. While pristine SN display only intrinsic dynamics (i.e., trans-gauche isomerism) which enhances with an increase in temperature, SN-LiClO4 electrolytes especially at high salt concentrations (similar to 0.04-1 M) show salt-induced relaxation processes. In the concentrated electrolytes, the intrinsic dynamics was observed to be a function of salt content, becoming faster with an increase in salt concentration. Deconvolution of the imaginary part of the permittivity spectra using Havriliak-Negami (HN) function show a relaxation process corresponding to the above phenomena. The permittivity data analyzed using HN and Kohlrausch-Williams-Watta (KWW) functions show non-Debye relaxation processes and enhancement in the trans phase (enhanced solvent dynamics) as a function of salt concentration and temperature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American chemical society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2011 06:00
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2011 06:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/36345

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