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Challenges in Earth sciences: the 21st century

Rajendran, CP (2010) Challenges in Earth sciences: the 21st century. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 99 (12). pp. 1690-1698.

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The 21st century poses many challenges for global sustainability. Among them, most importantly, the human race will encounter scarcity of raw materials and conventional energy resources. And, India may have to take the brunt of these problems as it is going to be the most populated region of the world with concomitant increase in energy demand and requirement of other resources. India will be the testing ground for introducing newer ways of green technology and innovative principles of resource management and utilization. With the vagaries of potential climate change gathering clouds in the background, Earth sciences will have a special and predominant role in guiding the society in prioritizing our resource discovery, utilization and their consumption and the upkeep of environment. On the fundamental level, Earth sciences are going through a most exciting phase of development as a born-again science. Technological breakthroughs including the satellite-based observations augur well for gaining new insights into Earth processes. A set of exciting fundamental problems that are globally identified will set the stage for an exhilarating period of new discoveries. Improvements in numerical and computer-based techniques will assist in modelling of Earth processes to unprecedented levels. India will have to take special effort in improving the existing experimentation facilities in the Earth science departments of the country, and also the general level of Earth science education to meet the global standards. This article presents an Earth science vision for the 21st century in an Indian context.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Climate change;Earth sciences;environment;fundamental research
Department/Centre: ?? MS-CEaS ??
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2011 10:07
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2011 10:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/36036

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