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Chemical toughening of epoxies. II. Mechanical, thermal, and microscopic studies of epoxies toughened with hydroxyl-terminated poly(butadiene-co-acrylonitrile)

Sankaran, S and Chanda, Manas (1990) Chemical toughening of epoxies. II. Mechanical, thermal, and microscopic studies of epoxies toughened with hydroxyl-terminated poly(butadiene-co-acrylonitrile). In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 39 (8). pp. 1635-1647.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/app.199...

Abstract

Diglycidyl ether–bisphenol-A-based epoxies toughened with various levels (0–12%) of chemically reacted liquid rubber, hydroxyl-terminated poly(butadiene-co-acrylonitrile) (HTBN) were studied for some of the mechanical and thermal properties. Although the ultimate tensile strength showed a continuous decrease with increasing rubber content, the toughness as measured by the area under the stress-vs.-strain curve and flexural strength reach a maximum around an optimum rubber concentration of 3% before decreasing. Tensile modulus was found to increase for concentrations below 6%. The glass transition temperature Tg as measured by DTA showed no variation for the toughened formulations. The TGA showed no variations in the pattern of decomposition. The weight losses for the toughened epoxies at elevated temperatures compare well with that of the neat epoxy. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the presence of a dual phase morphology with the spherical rubber particles precipitating out in the cured resin with diameter varying between 0.33 and 6.3 μm. In contrast, a physically blended rubber–epoxy showed much less effect towards toughening with the precipitated rubber particles of much bigger diameter (0.6–21.3 μm).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms TV Yashodha
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2011 05:38
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2011 05:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/35247

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