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A PEFC With Pt-TiO2/C as Oxygen-Reduction Catalyst

Selvarani, G and Maheswari, S and Sridhar, P and Pitchumani, S and Shukla, AK (2011) A PEFC With Pt-TiO2/C as Oxygen-Reduction Catalyst. In: Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, 8 (2).

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Abstract

Carbon-supported Pt-TiO2 (Pt-TiO2/C) catalyst with varying atomic ratio of Pt to Ti, namely, 1: 1, 2: 1, and 3: 1, is prepared by sol-gel method and its electrocatalytic activity toward oxygen-reduction reaction (ORR) is evaluated for the application in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). The optimum atomic ratio of Pt to Ti in Pt-TiO2/C and annealing temperature are established by cyclic voltammetry and fuel-cell-polarization studies. Pt-TiO2/C annealed at 750 degrees C with Pt and Ti in atomic ratio of 2: 1, namely, 750 Pt-TiO2/C (2: 1), shows enhanced electrocatalytic activity toward ORR. It is found that the incorporation of TiO2 with Pt ameliorates both electrocatalytic activity and stability of cathode in relation to pristine Pt cathode, currently being used in PEFCs. A power density of 0.75 W/cm(2) is achieved at 0.6 V for the PEFC with 750 Pt-TiO2/C (2: 1) as compared with 0.62 W/cm(2) at 0.6 V achieved with the PEFC comprising Pt/C as cathode catalyst while operating under identical conditions. Interestingly, carbon-supported Pt-TiO2 cathode exhibits only 6% loss in electrochemical surface area after 5000 potential cycles while it is as high as 25% for Pt/C. DOI: 10.1115/1.4002466]

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Keywords: polymer electrolyte fuel cells; membrane electrode assembly; oxygen-reduction reaction; Pt-TiO2 catalyst; degradation
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2010 07:44
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2010 07:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/34605

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