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A numerical study of projectile impact on mild steel armour plates

Raguraman, M and Deb, A and Gupta, NK (2007) A numerical study of projectile impact on mild steel armour plates. In: Current Science, 93 (4). pp. 498-506.

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The present article deals with the development of a finite element modelling approach for the prediction of residual velocities of hard core ogival-nose projectiles following normal impact on mild steel target plates causing perforation. The impact velocities for the cases analysed are in the range 818–866.3 m/s. Assessment of finite element modelling and analysis includes a comprehensive mesh convergence study using shell elements for representing target plates and solid elements for jacketed projectiles with a copper sheath and a rigid core. Dynamic analyses were carried out with the explicit contact-impact LS-DYNA 970 solver. It has been shown that proper choice of element size and strain rate-based material modelling of target plate are crucial for obtaining test-based residual velocity.The present modelling procedure also leads to realistic representation of target plate failure and projectile sheath erosion during perforation, and confirms earlier observations that thermal effects are not significant for impact problems within the ordnance range. To the best of our knowledge, any aspect of projectile failure or degradation obtained in simulation has not been reported earlier in the literature. The validated simulation approach was applied to compute the ballistic limits and to study the effects of plate thickness and projectile diameter on residual velocity, and trends consistent with experimental data for similar situations were obtained.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Current Science
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences
Keywords: Ballistic impact;finite element modelling;mild steel plate;projectile
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Product Design & Manufacturing
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2010 08:01
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2010 08:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/34352

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