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Studies on nucleotide pyrophosphatase I. Partial purification and properties of a sheep liver enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of dinucleotides

Krishnan, N and Appaji Rao, N (1972) Studies on nucleotide pyrophosphatase I. Partial purification and properties of a sheep liver enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of dinucleotides. In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 149 (2). pp. 336-348.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-9861(72)90332-3

Abstract

A partially purified sheep liver enzyme that hydrolyzed dinucleotides at the pyrophosphate bond was obtained by solubilizing the 18,000g sediment with n-butanol and fractionating the solubilized enzyme with acetone. The enzyme activity when measured using FAD as substrate, (FAD → FMN + AMP), was optimal at pH 9.7 and temperatures between 30 °–36 ° and at 60 °. The rate of release of FMN with time occurred with an initial lag of 30 sec, a linear increase for 1 min, and a subsequent irregular rate. In the presence of orthophosphate (Pi; 10 μImage ), FMN was released at an uniformly continuous and enhanced rate. 32Pi was not incorporated into the substrate or products. Sodium arsenate counteracted the effects of Pi. The apparent Km and Vmax were 0.133 mImage and 100 units; and 0.133 mImage and 200 units, in the absence and presence of Pi, respectively. The temperature optimum was 42 ° in the presence of Pi.Negative cooperative interactions observed at low concentrations of FAD were abolished by the addition of Pi. The inhibition by AMP was sigmoid and Pi abolished this sigmoidal response. The enzyme hydrolyzed in addition to FAD, NAD+ and NADP+. Nucleoside triphosphates were potent inhibitors of the enzyme activity. The partial inhibition of the enzyme by o-phenanthroline and by p-hydroxymercuribenzoate could be reversed by Fe2+ ions and by reduced glutathione, respectively.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Ms TV Yashodha
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2010 09:29
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:09
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/28616

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