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Characterization of Alkali Induced Formation of Lanthionine, Trisulfides, and Tetrasulfides from Peptide Disulfides using Negative Ion Mass Spectrometry

Suman, S Thakur and Balaram, Padmanabhan (2009) Characterization of Alkali Induced Formation of Lanthionine, Trisulfides, and Tetrasulfides from Peptide Disulfides using Negative Ion Mass Spectrometry. In: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 20 (5). 783 -791.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jasms.2008.12.019

Abstract

Peptide disulfides are unstable under alkaline conditions, resulting in the formation of products containing lanthionine and polysulfied linkages. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry has been used to characterize major species obtained when cyclic and acyclic peptide disulfides are exposed to alkaline media. Studies on a model cyclic peptide disulfide (Boc - Cys - Pro - Leu - Cys - NHMe) and an acyclic peptide, oxidized glutathione, bis ((gamma)Glu Cys - Gly - COOH), are described. Disulfide cleavage reactions are initiated by the abstraction of (CH)-H-alpha or (CH)-H-beta protons of Cys residues, with Subsequent elimination of H2S or H2S2. The buildup of reactive thiol species which act on intermediates containing dehydroalanine residues, rationalizes the formation of lanthionine and polysulfide products. In the case of the cyclic peptide disulfide, the formation of cyclic products is facilitated by the intramolecular nature of the Michael addition reaction of thiols to the dehydroalanine residue. Mass spectral evidence for the intermediate species is presented by using alkylation of thiol groups as a trapping method. Mass spectral fragmentation in the negative ion mode of the peptides derived from trisulfides and tetrasulfides results in elimination of S-2. (J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 2009, 20, 783-791) (C) 2009 American Society for Mass Spectrometry.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Depositing User: Ms TV Yashodha
Date Deposited: 21 May 2010 06:34
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/27413

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