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# Isoperimetric Problem and Meta-fibonacci Sequences

Bharadwaj, BVS and Chandran, LS and Das, Anita (2008) Isoperimetric Problem and Meta-fibonacci Sequences. In: 14th Annual International Conference on Computing and Combinatorics (COCOON 2008), JUN 27-29, 2008, Dalian. PDF fulltext.pdf - Published Version Restricted to Registered users only Download (453kB) | Request a copy

## Abstract

Let G = (V,E) be a simple, finite, undirected graph. For S ⊆ V, let $\delta(S,G) = \{ (u,v) \in E : u \in S \mbox { and } v \in V-S \}$ and $\phi(S,G) = \{ v \in V -S: \exists u \in S$ , such that (u,v) ∈ E} be the edge and vertex boundary of S, respectively. Given an integer i, 1 ≤ i ≤ ∣ V ∣, the edge and vertex isoperimetric value at i is defined as b e (i,G) =  min S ⊆ V; |S| = i |δ(S,G)| and b v (i,G) =  min S ⊆ V; |S| = i |φ(S,G)|, respectively. The edge (vertex) isoperimetric problem is to determine the value of b e (i, G) (b v (i, G)) for each i, 1 ≤ i ≤ |V|. If we have the further restriction that the set S should induce a connected subgraph of G, then the corresponding variation of the isoperimetric problem is known as the connected isoperimetric problem. The connected edge (vertex) isoperimetric values are defined in a corresponding way. It turns out that the connected edge isoperimetric and the connected vertex isoperimetric values are equal at each i, 1 ≤ i ≤ |V|, if G is a tree. Therefore we use the notation b c (i, T) to denote the connected edge (vertex) isoperimetric value of T at i. Hofstadter had introduced the interesting concept of meta-fibonacci sequences in his famous book “Gödel, Escher, Bach. An Eternal Golden Braid”. The sequence he introduced is known as the Hofstadter sequences and most of the problems he raised regarding this sequence is still open. Since then mathematicians studied many other closely related meta-fibonacci sequences such as Tanny sequences, Conway sequences, Conolly sequences etc. Let T 2 be an infinite complete binary tree. In this paper we related the connected isoperimetric problem on T 2 with the Tanny sequences which is defined by the recurrence relation a(i) = a(i − 1 − a(i − 1)) + a(i − 2 − a(i − 2)), a(0) = a(1) = a(2) = 1. In particular, we show that b c (i, T 2) = i + 2 − 2a(i), for each i ≥ 1. We also propose efficient polynomial time algorithms to find vertex isoperimetric values at i of bounded pathwidth and bounded treewidth graphs.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science Springer Copyright of this article belongs to Springer. Division of Electrical Sciences > Computer Science & Automation 24 Mar 2010 07:31 19 Sep 2010 05:58 http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/26493 View Item