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Density and energy relaxation in an open one-dimensional system

Jose, Prasanth P and Bagchi, Biman (2004) Density and energy relaxation in an open one-dimensional system. In: Journal of Chemical Physics, 120 (17). pp. 8327-8333.


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A new master equation to mimic the dynamics of a collection of interacting random walkers in an open system is proposed and solved numerically. In this model, the random walkers interact through excluded volume interaction (single-file system); and the total number of walkers in the lattice can fluctuate because of exchange with a bath. In addition, the movement of the random walkers is biased by an external perturbation. Two models for the latter are considered: (1) an inverse potential (V \propto 1/r), where r is the distance between the center of the perturbation and the random walker and (2) an inverse of sixth power potential (V \propto 1/r6). The calculated density of the walkers and the total energy show interesting dynamics. When the size of the system is comparable to the range of the perturbing field, the energy relaxation is found to be highly nonexponential. In this range, the system can show stretched exponential (e-(t/\tau s)\beta) and even logarithmic time dependence of energy relaxation over a limited range of time. Introduction of density exchange in the lattice markedly weakens this nonexponentiality of the relaxation function, irrespective of the nature of perturbation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Institute of Physics (AIP).
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: L.Kaini Mahemei
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2005
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/2635

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