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Induced swelling of kaolinitic soil in alkali solution

Sivapullaiah, PV (2007) Induced swelling of kaolinitic soil in alkali solution. In: Soils and Foundations, 47 (1). 59 -66.

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Official URL: http://www.jiban.or.jp/e/sf/contents/47-1/47-1-6.h...


Unexpected swelling induced in foundation soils can cause distress to structures founded on them. In this paper, the swelling of kaolinitic soils due to interaction with alkali solution has been reported. The induced swelling is attributed to the formation of new minerals, which has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction patters and SEM studies. To understand the effect of alkali concentration and duration of interaction, two series of consolidation experiments have been carried out. In series 1, the specimen were remoulded with water and inundated with alkali solutions and in series 2, the specimen were remoulded and inundated with same alkali solutions. A steep compression during loading cycle and no abnormal swelling during unloading cycle has been noticed for the specimen remoulded with water and inundated with 1 N NaOH solutions. The steep compression is due to the segregation or break down of clay minerals due to alkali interactions. In case of specimen inundated with 4 N NaOH solutions, abnormal swelling has been observed during unloading cycle of the consolidation test. New minerals are formed on interaction of soil with 4 N solution as confirmed by X-ray diffraction patterns. These minerals are known to have very fine pores and possess high water holding capacity. The differences in the amount of swelling of samples remoulded with water and remoulded with alkali solution are due to variations in the concentration of alkali and duration of interaction.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Soils and Foundations
Publisher: Japanese Geotechinical Society
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Japanese Geotechinical Society.
Keywords: alkali, consolidation, kaolinite, mineralogy, swelling, zeolite
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2010 11:30
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2010 11:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/26311

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