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Crystallite size effects in stacking faulted nickel hydroxide and its electrochemical behaviour

Ramesh, TN (2009) Crystallite size effects in stacking faulted nickel hydroxide and its electrochemical behaviour. In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, 114 (2-3). pp. 618-623.

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P-Nickel hydroxide comprises a long range periodic arrangement of atoms with a stacking sequence of AC AC AC-having an ideal composition Ni(OH)(2). Variation in the preparative conditions can lead to the changes in the stacking sequence (AC AC BA CB AC AC or AC AC AB AC AC) This type of variation in stacking sequence can result in the formation of stacking fault in nickel hydroxide. The stability of the stacking fault depends on the free energy content of the sample. Stacking faults in nickel hydroxide is essential for better electrochemical activity. Also there are reports correlating particle size to the better electrochemical activity. Here we present the effect of crystallite size on the stacking faulted nickel hydroxide samples. The electrochemical performance of stacking faulted nickel hydroxide with small crystallite size exchanges 0.8e/Ni, while the samples with larger crystallite size exchange 0.4e/Ni. Hence a right combination of crystallite size and stacking fault content has to be controlled for good electrochemical activity of nickel hydroxide. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Crystallite size; Electrochemical performance; Nickel hydroxide; Stacking faults
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Users 920 not found.
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2010 09:13
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/25980

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