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Shape-Dependent Confinement in Ultrasmall Zero-, One-, and Two-Dimensional PbS Nanostructures

Acharya, Somobrata and Sarma, DD and Golan, Yuval and Sengupta, Sucheta and Ariga, Katsuhiko (2009) Shape-Dependent Confinement in Ultrasmall Zero-, One-, and Two-Dimensional PbS Nanostructures. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131 (32). 11282+.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja903539d

Abstract

Spatial dimensionality affects the degree of confinement when an electron-hole pair is squeezed from one or more dimensions approaching the bulk exciton Bohr radius (alpha(B)) limit. The etectron-hole interaction in zero-dimensional (0D) dots, one-dimensional (1D) rods/wires, and two-dimensional (2D) wells/sheets should be enhanced by the increase in confinement dimensions in the order 0D > 1D > 2D. We report the controlled synthesis of PbS nanomateriats with 0D, 1D, and 2D forms retaining at least one dimension in the strongly confined regime far below alpha(B) (similar to 10 nm for PbS) and provide evidence through varying the exciton-phonon coupling strength that the degree of confinement is systematically weakened by the loss of confinement dimension. Geometry variations show distinguishable far-field optical polarizations, which could find useful applications in polarization-sensitive devices.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2009 06:31
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2012 07:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/23257

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