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Thermodynamic properties of Pb2PtO4 and PbPt2O4 and phase equilibria in the system Pb–Pt–O

Jacob, KT and Rajitha, G and Kale, GM (2009) Thermodynamic properties of Pb2PtO4 and PbPt2O4 and phase equilibria in the system Pb–Pt–O. In: Journal Of Alloys And Compounds, 481 (1-2). pp. 228-232.

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Abstract

The compounds Pb2PtO4 and PbPt2O4 were synthesized from an intimate mixture of yellow PbO and Pt metal powders by heating under pure oxygen gas at 973 K for periods up to 600 ks with intermediate grinding and recompacting. Both compounds were found to decompose on heating in pure oxygen to PbO and Pt, apparently in conflict with the requirements for equilibrium phase relations in the ternary system Pb–Pt–O. The oxygen chemical potential corresponding to the three-phase mixtures, Pb2PtO4 + PbO + Pt and PbPt2O4 + PbO + Pt were measured as a function of temperature using solid-state electrochemical cells incorporating yttria-stabilized zirconia as the solid electrolyte and pure oxygen gas at 0.1 MPa pressure as the reference electrode. The standard Gibbs free energies of formation of the ternary oxides were derived from the measurements. Analysis of the results indicated that the equilibrium involving three condensed phases Pb2PtO4 + PbO + Pt is metastable. Under equilibrium conditions, Pb2PtO4 should have decomposed to a mixture of PbO and PbPt2O4. Measurement of the oxygen potential corresponding to this equilibrium decomposition as a function of temperature indicated that decomposition temperature in pure oxygen is 1014(±2) K. This was further confirmed by direct determination of phase relations in the ternary Pb–Pt–O by equilibrating several compositions at 1023 K for periods up to 850 ks and phase identification of quenched samples using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Only one ternary oxide PbPt2O4 was stable at 1023 K under equilibrium conditions. Alloys and intermetallic compounds along the Pb–Pt binary were in equilibrium with PbO.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyrights of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Thermodynamic Properties; Electromotive Force (Emf); Thermal Analysis;Thermodynamic Modeling; Oxide Materials
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2009 07:33
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/21842

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