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Temperature characteristics of the billet and the dies in a small batch forging production

Sundar, S Shama and Marathe, AG and Biswas, SK (1987) Temperature characteristics of the billet and the dies in a small batch forging production. In: Journal of Mechanical Working Technology, 15 (2). pp. 203-213.

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The work reported herein is part of an on-going programme to develop a computer code which, given the geometrical, process and material parameters of the forging operation, is able to predict the die and the billet cooling/heating characteristics in forging production. The code has been experimentally validated earlier for a single forging cycle and is now validated for a small batch production. To facilitate a step-by-step development of the code, the billet deformation has so far been limited to its surface layers, a situation akin to coining. The code has been used here to study the effects of die preheat-temperature, machine speed and rate of deformation the cooling/heating of the billet and the dies over a small batch of 150 forgings. The study shows: that there is a pre-heat temperature at which the billet temperature changes little from one forging to the next; that beyond a particular number of forgings, the machine speed ceases to have any pronounced influence on the temperature characteristics of the billet; and that increasing the rate of deformation reduces the heat loss from the billet and gives the billet a stable temperature profile with respect to the number of forgings. The code, which is simple to use, is being extended to bulk-deformation problems. Given a practical range of possible machine, billet and process specifics, the code should be able to arrive at a combination of these parameters which will give the best thermal characteristics of the die-billet system. The code is also envisaged as being useful in the design of isothermal dies and processes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs Swathi
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2010 10:49
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/20612

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