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Phase conversions in calcium manganites with changing Ca/Mn ratios and their influence on the electrical transport properties

Vijayanandhini, K and Kutty, TRN (2009) Phase conversions in calcium manganites with changing Ca/Mn ratios and their influence on the electrical transport properties. In: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 20 (5). pp. 445-454.

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Abstract

The phase-interconversions between the spinel-, brownmillerite-, defect rocksalt and perovskite-type structures have been investigated by way of (i) introducing deficiency in A-sites in CaxMn2-xO3 (0.05 <= x <= 1) i.e., by varying Ca/Mn ratio from 0.025 to 1 and (ii) nonstoichiometric CaMnO3-delta (CMO) with 0.02 <= delta <= 1. The temperature dependence of resistivity (rho-T) have been investigated on nonstoichiometric CaMnO3-delta (undoped) as well as the CMO substituted with donor impurities such as La3+, Y3+, Bi3+ or acceptor such as Na1+ ion at the Ca-site. The rho-T characteristics of nonstoichiometric CaMnO3-delta is strongly influenced by oxygen deficiency, which controls the concentration of Mn3+ ions and, in turn, affects the resistivity, rho. The results indicated that the substitution of aliovalent impurities at Ca-site in CaMnO3 has similar effects as of CaMnO3-delta ( undoped) annealed in atmospheres of varying partial pressures whereby electron or hole concentration can be altered, yet the doped samples can be processed in air or atmospheres of higher P-O2. The charge transport mechanisms of nonstoichiometric CaMnO3-delta as against the donor or acceptor doped CaMnO3 (sintered in air, P-O2 similar to 0.2 atm) have been predicted. The rho (T) curves of both donor doped CaMnO3 as well as non-stoichiometric CaMnO3-delta, is predictable by the small polaron hopping (SPH) model, which changes to the variable range hopping (VRH) at low temperatures whereas the acceptor doped CaMnO3 exhibited an activated semiconducting hopping ( ASH) throughout the measured range of temperature (10-500 K).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Rajalaxmi Ashok Govanakoppa
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2009 08:48
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/19480

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