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An Investigation of Friction During Friction Stir Welding of Metallic Materials

Kumar, K and Kalyan, C and Kailas, Satish V and Srivatsan, TS (2009) An Investigation of Friction During Friction Stir Welding of Metallic Materials. In: Materials And Manufacturing Processes, 24 (4). pp. 438-445.

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The technique of friction stir welding (FSW) puts effective use frictional heat for the purpose of joining metallic materials. In this research article, we present and discuss an experimental method to determine the coefficient of friction during FSW. The experiments were conducted to study the interaction between the FSW tool (a die steel) and the base metal (a high strength aluminum alloy) at various contact pressures (13MPa, 26MPa, and 39MPa) and rotation speeds (200rpm, 600rpm, 1000rpm, and 1400rpm). The experimental results, the microstructure, and the process temperature reveal the experimental setup to be capable of simulating the conditions during FSW. The coefficient of friction was found to vary from 0.15 to 1.4, and the temperature increased to as high as 450C. The coefficient of friction was found to increase with temperature. There exists a critical temperature at which point a steep increase in the coefficient of friction was observed. The critical temperature decreases from 250C at a contact pressure of 26MPa to 200C at contact pressure of 34MPa. Below the critical temperature at a specific contact pressure the maximum coefficient of friction is 0.6, and above the critical temperature it reaches a value as high as 1.4. The steep increase in the coefficient of friction is found to be due to the seizure phenomenon and the contact condition during FSW between the tool and the workpiece (base metal) is found to be sticking.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.
Keywords: Aluminum alloys;Coefficient of friction;Contact condition;Friction stir welding; Heat generation;Microstructure; Sticking;Slipping
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Rajalaxmi Ashok Govanakoppa
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2009 18:34
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/19470

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