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Development of a new lumped-parameter model for vehicle side-impact safety simulation

Deb, A and Srinivas, KC (2008) Development of a new lumped-parameter model for vehicle side-impact safety simulation. In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 222 (D10). pp. 1793-1811.

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The current paper describes a simple and yet comprehensive lumped-parameter model (LPM) for simulating the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) side-impact safety tests for passenger vehicles. The LPM includes new lumped masses, not previously reported in a single multibody model, for key vehicle side-structure systems identified with the help of an energy-based study conducted using explicit finite element analysis of two passenger vehicles. In addition to the vehicle side structure, lumped masses for the NHTSA side-impact barrier and ‘rest of vehicle’, the latter implying the mass of the vehicle minus the combined mass of the side-structure subsystems considered in the LPM, have been incorporated so that the total mass of the system corresponds to that of an actual vehicle–barrier system in a NHTSA side-impact test (Lateral Impact New Car Assessment Program (LINCAP) or FMVSS 214). The lumped masses are interconnected with elastic–plastic springs. A unique feature of the present model is the inclusion of two lumped side-impact dummies for obtaining predictions of the front and rear (thoracic trauma index (TTI)). The validity of the present LPM is established by performing LS-DYNA-based LINCAP simulations of two real-world vehicles, namely the Dodge Neon and Dodge Intrepid, and obtaining a reasonably good correlation of the computed structural and occupant responses as well as TTI (front and rear) with the corresponding test results reported by the NHTSA.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Professional Engineering Publishing.
Keywords: vehicle side impact;lumped-parameter model;finite element model;simulation;thoracic trauma index.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Product Design & Manufacturing
Depositing User: Mr. Ramesh Chander
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2010 12:19
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/17556

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