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Structure Networks of E. coli Glutaminyl-tRNA Synthetase: Effects of Ligand Binding

Sathyapriya, R and Vishveshwara, Saraswathi (2007) Structure Networks of E. coli Glutaminyl-tRNA Synthetase: Effects of Ligand Binding. In: PROTEINS: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics, 68 . pp. 541-550.

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It is well known that proteins undergo backbone as well as side chain conformational changes upon ligand binding, which is not necessarily confined to the active site. Both the local and the global conformational changes brought out by ligand-binding have been extensively studied earlier. However, the global changes have been reported mainly at the protein backbone level. Here we present a method that explicitly takes into account the side chain interactions, et providing a global view of the ligand-induced conformational changes. This is achieved through the analysis of Protein Structure Networks (PSN), constructed from the noncovalent side chain interactions in the protein. Here, E. coli GlutaminyltRNA synthetase (GlnRS) in the ligand-free and different ligand-bound states is used as a case study to assess the effect of binding of tRNA, ATP, and the amino acid Gln to GlnRS. The PSNs are constructed on the basis of the strength of noncovalent interactions existing between the side chains of amino acids. The parameters like the size of the largest cluster, edge to node ratio, and the total number of hubs are used to quantitatively assess the structure network changes. These network parameters have effectively captured the ligand-induced structural changes at a global structure network level. Hubs, the highly connected amino acids, are also identified from these networks. Specifically, we are able to characterize different types of hubs based on the comparison of structure networks of the GlnRS system. The differences in the structure networks in both the presence and the absence of the ligands are reflected in these hubs. For instance, the characterization of hubs that are present in both the ligand-free and all the ligand-bound GlnRS (the invariant hubs) might implicate their role in structural integrity. On the other hand, identification of hubs unique to a particular ligand-bound structure (the exclusive hubs)not only highlights the structural differences mediated by ligand-binding at the structure network level, but also highlights significance of these amino acids hubs in binding to the ligand and catalyzing the biochemical function. Further, the hubs identified from this study could be ideal targets for mutational studies to ascertain the ligand-induced structure–function relationships in E. coli GlnRS. The formalism used in this study is simple and can be applied to other protein-ligands in general to understand the allosteric changes mediated by the binding of ligands.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: PROTEINS: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Keywords: protein structure network;glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase;ligand-induced network changes;side chain hubs
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:45
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/14221

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