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Grey fuzzy optimization model for water quality management of a river system

Karmakar, Subhankar and Mujumdar, PP (2006) Grey fuzzy optimization model for water quality management of a river system. In: Advances in Water Resources, 29 (7). pp. 1088-1105.

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A grey fuzzy optimization model is developed for water quality management of river system to address uncertainty involved in fixing the membership functions for different goals of Pollution Control Agency (PCA) and dischargers. The present model, Grey Fuzzy Waste Load Allocation Model (GFWLAM), has the capability to incorporate the conflicting goals of PCA and dischargers in a deterministic framework. The imprecision associated with specifying the water quality criteria and fractional removal levels are modeled in a fuzzy mathematical framework. To address the imprecision in fixing the lower and upper bounds of membership functions, the membership functions themselves are treated as fuzzy in the model and the membership parameters are expressed as interval grey numbers, a closed and bounded interval with known lower and upper bounds but unknown distribution information. The model provides flexibility for PCA and dischargers to specify their aspirations independently, as the membership parameters for different membership functions, specified for different imprecise goals are interval grey numbers in place of a deterministic real number. In the final solution optimal fractional removal levels of the pollutants are obtained in the form of interval grey numbers. This enhances the flexibility and applicability in decision-making, as the decision-maker gets a range of optimal solutions for fixing the final decision scheme considering technical and economic feasibility of the pollutant treatment levels. Application of the GFWLAM is illustrated with case study of the Tunga–Bhadra river system in India.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The copyright belongs to Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Decision-making;Fuzzy interval analysis;Fuzzy mathematical programming;Grey systems theory;Interval analysis; Optimization;Uncertainty;Water quality management
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Pradeep Mujumdar
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/12375

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