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Isothermal Titration Calorimetric Studies on the Binding of Deoxytrimannoside Derivatives with Artocarpin: Implications for a Deep-Seated Combining Site in Lectins

Rani, Geetha P and Bachhawat, Kiran and Reddy, Bhanuprakash G and Oscarson, Stefan and Surolia, Avadhesha (2000) Isothermal Titration Calorimetric Studies on the Binding of Deoxytrimannoside Derivatives with Artocarpin: Implications for a Deep-Seated Combining Site in Lectins. In: Biochemistry, 39 (35). 10755 -10760.

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Abstract

The carbohydrate binding specificity of the seed lectin from Artocarpus integrifolia, artocarpin, has been elucidated by the enzyme-linked lectin absorbent assay [Misquith, S., et al (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 30393-30401], wherein it was demonstrated to be a Man/Glc specific lectin with high affinity for the trisaccharide present in the core of all N-linked oligosaccharide chains of glycoproteins. As a consequence of this characterization, the binding epitopes of this trisaccharide, 3,6-di($\alpha$-D-mannopyranosyl)-D-mannose, for artocarpin were investigated by isothermal titration calorimetry using its monodeoxy as well as Glc and Gal analogues. The thermodynamic data presented here implicate 2-, 3-, 4-, and 6-hydroxyl groups of the $\alpha(1-3)$ Man and $\alpha(1-6)$ Man residues, and the 2- and 4-OH groups of the central Man residue, in binding to artocarpin. Nevertheless, $\alpha(1-3)$ Man is the primary contributor to the binding affinity, unlike other Man/Glc binding lectins which exhibit a preference for $\alpha(1-6)$ Man. In addition, unlike the binding reactions of most lectins reported so far, the interaction of mannotriose involves all of its hydroxyl groups with the combining site of the lectin. Moreover, the free energy and enthalpy contributions to binding of individual hydroxyl groups of the trimannoside estimated from the corresponding monodeoxy analogues show nonlinearity, suggesting differential contributions of the solvent and protein to the thermodynamics of binding of the analogues. Thus, this study not only provides evidence for the extended site recognition of artocarpin for the trimannoside epitope but also suggests that its combining site is best described as a deep cleft as opposed to shallow indentations implicated in other lectins.

Item Type: Journal Article Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society. Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit Srinivasa Naika 08 Oct 2007 19 Sep 2010 04:40 http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/12129